Sinus Infection Home Remedy Antibiotics for Sinus Infection

When you are diagnosed with bacterial sinusitis, your doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics as an initial treatment, similar to an infection caused by bacteria is treated with these drugs. 

Sinus Infection Home Remedy Antibiotics for Sinus Infection
Sinus Infection Home Remedy Antibiotics for Sinus Infection 

This is because antibiotics have the strength to get rid of bacteria and prevent them from breeding and multiply. Here are some useful knowledge of types and classes of antibiotics for sinus infection and their suitable uses.

Antibiotics for Sinus Infection: Types and Classes

Type of Antibiotics

Antibiotics are classified into types as either narrow-spectrum and broad-spectrum. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics work only on a few types of bacteria. This type of sinus medication is usually prescribed because of its lower cost. If the condition does not improve, broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed instead. Broad-spectrum antibiotics work on more types of bacteria, but its use has a higher possibility of developing antibiotic resistance. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are generally not prescribed unless the condition of the patient warrants it.

Classes of antibiotics

  • Penicillin’s
  • Macrolides
  • Cephalosporins
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Details of types and classes of antibiotics for a sinus infection
  • penicillin (Narrow-spectrum antibiotics)

Bacteria feed by absorbing nutrients from the human host and growing until they are large enough to split in two. This is how bacteria reproduce and multiply. As they grow they have to produce more cell wall. Penicillin is a narrow-spectrum antibiotic that works by interfering with the cell wall building function of bacteria. An example of this sinus medication is Amoxicillin, commonly prescribed for any type of infection.

Cephalosporins (Broad-spectrum antibiotics)

Like penicillin, cephalosporins destroys bacteria by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis. Ceftibuten dihydrate is a semisynthetic, third-generation cephalosporin for oral administration. Besides being an effective antibiotic for sinus infection prescribed by ENT specialists today, cephalosporins are given to patients who are allergic to penicillin.

Macrolides (Narrow-spectrum antibiotics)

Macrolides, also narrow-spectrum, do not directly kill the bacteria, but instead, stop them from multiplying. These drugs halt the ability of bacteria to make new proteins, allowing the body to recuperate and develop antibodies to fight and eliminate bacteria. Popular examples are erythromycin and clarithromycin.

Fluoroquinolones (Broad-Spectrum antibiotics)

This is the latest and newest class of antibiotics. Fluoroquinolones kill bacteria by interfering with the replication process of bacterial DNA. This is accomplished by binding to and inhibiting the action of one of the enzymes involved in DNA replication. Moxifloxacin is the preferred antibiotic for sinus infection in this class.

Precautions when using Antibiotics for Sinus Infection

Just like any other drugs, precautions should be followed when consuming any antibiotics. This is because this sinus medication can have serious side effects on the body, for example:

Lower digestive problems such as constipation and diarrhea
Risk of developing fungal infection and yeast
Respiratory problems for example bronchitis
Nausea and Headaches
Upper digestive problems such as the gastro-esophageal influx

An allergic reaction like rashes

Post a Comment



Contact Form


Email *

Message *

Powered by Blogger.
Javascript DisablePlease Enable Javascript To See All Widget